Fire Safety 20-Twenty:

Fire is a chemical reaction. Fire is created due to ignition in any inflammable material due to heat and uses oxygen to survive. Fire is the result of the reaction between the fuel and oxygen in the air. Ignition sources can include any material, equipment or operation that emits a spark or flame. It requires three elements to be present for the reaction to take place and continue.

The Three Elements are: (a) Fuel (b) Oxygen (c) Heat.

Deals with the precautions needed to minimise the risk of fires, how fires are caused and how to extinguish them, with a focus on using firefighting equipment and apparatus to extinguish various types and sizes of fires including rescue in smoke filled enclosed spaces.

Fire Fighting Equipment’s in 20-Twenty

Various different types of firefighting equipment’s are available in 20-twenty. All equipment’s are precisely designed to covenant with the different classes of fire. If you’re bearing in mind to try out which fire safety equipment you required at your site, take a brief note at the below range of equipment’s.

  • Fire Extinguishers

Most of the site buildings contain a diversity of firefighting equipment. This series of equipment is intended to help & contain small fires before the fire spread and become too large & un-control. Portable fire extinguishers are reachable with a number of different extinguishing agents to support you combat a flame. A portable extinguisher may contain the following substance:

Extinguish Agent Uses
Water Wood and paper fires – not electrical
Foam Flammable liquid fires – not electrical
Dry Powder Electrical Fires
Carbon-dioxide Flammable liquids and electrical fires
Wet Chemical Fat fires – not electrical

Fire blankets are used for smother class F fires, Flame that is fuelled by c

  • Fire Blankets

ooking oils and fats. Naturally, fire blankets are installed in kitchen environments, where the chance of a class F fire.

  • Fire Hose Reels

Fire hose reels are ideal for extinguishing class A fires, fires that are fuelled by paper, rubber, wood, and other non-conductive materials. As fire hose reels discharge water, cannot be used to combat electrical fires. C02 fire extinguishers to deal with electrical fires.

  • Signage

All fire equipment should be accompanied by standard signage. This helps users identify the location and type of equipment they can access in an emergency. There is a range of different regulations when it comes to fire safety signage. Each piece of equipment is accompanied by an Australian standard for maintenance and installation. The corresponding guide will contain more information about signage and where it should be located.

  • Automatic Sprinkler Systems
  1. Automatic sprinkler systems are the most reliable methods for controlling fires. Automatic fire sprinkler systems offer the protection of life and property. Sprinkler heads are now available which are 20 times more sensitive to fire than they were 10 year ago.
  2. A sprinkler head is really an automatic (open once only) tap. The sprinkler head is connected to a pressurized water system. When the fire heats up the sprinkler head, it opens at a pre-set temperature, thus allowing pressurized water to be sprayed both down onto the fire and also up to cool the hot smoky layer. When a sprinkler head operates, the water pressure in the system drops, activating an alarm which often automatically calls the fire service via a telephone connection.
  3. Firefighters use much more water than a sprinkler system. The combined damage from a fire and the water used by firefighters dramatically exceeds that likely from a properly installed sprinkler system.
  4. Sprinkler systems are usually installed in high or large buildings and high fire hazard. Statistics show that in a majority of cases where sprinklers are installed the fire has been controlled by one sprinkler head alone.
  • Fire Sprinkle Standards:
  1. AS 2118.6:2012 Standard for Automatic fire sprinkler systems Combined sprinkler and hydrant systems in multistory buildings
  2. AS 2118.1:2017 Standard for Automatic fire sprinkler systems General systems
  3. AS 1905.1:2005 Standard for Components for the protection of openings in fire-resistant walls Fire-resistant doorsets
  4. AS 1760:2105 Fire detection, warning, control and intercom systems – System design, installation and commissioning Fire
  • First Aid Kits

First aid kits are essential in the aftermath of a fire. Having adequate first aid measures on hand will help with minor injuries sustained during a fire.

  • Emergency & Exit Signs

Emergency and exit signs will help to provide a clear path to an exit during a fire. Having clear signage and lighting willhelp contain panic and guide your team members to an appropriate exit in time. Emergency and exit lights need to be maintained according to the AS 2293:2005 (Set) standard for Emergency escape lighting and exit signs.

  • Smoke Alarms

Smoke alarms should be installed in all commercial and domestic buildings. If you are a landlord, the legislation for smoke alarm installation varies from state to state.

  • Fire hydrant systems
  1. Fire hydrant systems are installed in buildings to help firefighters quickly attack the fire. Essentially, a hydrant system is a water reticulation system used to transport water in order to limit the amount of hose that firefighters have to lay, thus speeding up the firefighting process.
  2. Fire hydrants are for the sole use of trained firefighters. Because of the high pressures available serious injury can occur if untrained persons attempt to operate.
  3. Fire hydrant systems sometimes include ancillary parts essential to their effective operation such as pumps, tanks and fire service booster connections. These systems must be maintained and regularly tested if they are to be effective when needed.

The placement of such equipment needs to closely interface with fire service operational procedure; simply complying with deemed to satisfy code provisions is a potential recipe for disaster.

  • Fire Protection Equipment List:
Fire Extinguisher ABCE Fire Extinguisher Co2
Fire Full Gas Musk Chemical Respirator Max{Single Filter}
Manila Rope (100 Ft Jute) Metal hand Detector
Complain Box[Steel body] Industrial Safety Belt
Fire Hand Gloves Linking Machine Pulley Cover
Heat Detector. Fire Alarm Break Glass
Electric Hand Gloves Safety Shoes
Gum Boot Fire Exe
Fire Bucket Stand Fire Bucket
Lock Cutter 36” Safety Goggle
  1. The following documents are recommended further reading for guidance and information:
  • The National Construction Code Volume 1 Building Code of Australia Class 2 to Class 9 Buildings
  • Australian Standard 2444.1 Portable fire extinguishers and fire blankets – Selection and location
  • Australian Standard 1851 Maintenance of fire protection equipment – Portable fire extinguishers and fire blankets
  • Australian Standard 2441 Installation of fire hose reels
  • Australian Standard 2419.1 Fire hydrant installations – System design, installation and commissioning
  • Australian Standard 2118.1 Automatic fire sprinkler systems.

List of Codes and Standards

  • NFPA 1, Fire
  • NFPA 2: Hydrogen Technologies Code.
  • NFPA 3: Standardfor Commissioning of Fire Protection and Life Safety
  • NFPA 4: Standardfor Integrated Fire Protection and Life Safety System Testing.
  • NFPA 10, Standardfor Portable Fire Extinguishers.
  • NFPA 11: Standardfor Low-, Medium-, and High-Expansion Foam.

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