WHO Basic protective measures against the new coronavirus


WHO Basic protective measures against the new coronavirus

Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO website and through your national and local public health authority. Most people who become infected experience mild illness and recover, but it can be more severe for others. Take care of your health and protect others by doing the following:

Wash your hands frequently

Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.

Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.

Maintain social distancing

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Why? When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth

Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.

Practice respiratory hygiene

Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.

Why? Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.

If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early

Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.

Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections.

Stay informed and follow advice given by your healthcare provider

Stay informed on the latest developments about COVID-19. Follow advice given by your healthcare provider, your national and local public health authority or your employer on how to protect yourself and others from COVID-19.

Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on whether COVID-19 is spreading in your area. They are best placed to advise on what people in your area should be doing to protect themselves.

Protection measures for persons who are in or have recently visited (past 14 days) areas where COVID-19 is spreading

  • Follow the guidance outlined above.
  • Stay at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache and slight runny nose, until you recover. Why? Avoiding contact with others and visits to medical facilities will allow these facilities to operate more effectively and help protect you and others from possible COVID-19 and other viruses.
  • If you develop fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition. Call in advance and tell your provider of any recent travel or contact with travelers. Why? Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also help to prevent possible spread of COVID-19 and other viruses.

MSA (Mine Safety Appliances)

MSA is the abbreviation of “Mine Safety Appliances”

It is a manufacturer of up to the mark Safety Products that support to workers who may be exposed to a variety of hazardous situations. MSA is based in the Pittsburgh suburb of Cranberry. With help from Thomas Edison the company was formed in 1914 to develop a battery-powered cap lamp for miners to help prevent methane-related explosions caused by open flame lamps. Since the turn of the 21st Century, MSA has seen record sales. Only a small portion of the company’s current products involve mining related products. The company’s competitors include Industrial Scientific Corporation and Dräger.

With 2015 revenues of $1.1 billion, MSA employs approximately 4,600 people worldwide. The company is headquartered north of Pittsburgh in Cranberry Township, Pa., and has manufacturing operations in the United States, Europe, Asia and Latin America. With more than 40 international locations, MSA realizes approximately half of its revenue from outside North America.

MSA helmet is very famous in Pakistan and all industry including Power Plant, Textile, Construction, Oil& Gas, Road construction used MSA helmet. It is very easily available in Pakistan. MSA safety products are well known and comfort to use during working hours by employees.

  • From the 1930s to the 1980s, MSA produced fire helmets. The First generation was known as Skull guard and was a hard plastic produced in the 1930s to the 1960s.
  • The second generation was a lighter plastic fire helmet and was called Top guard & introduced in the early 1960s.
  • The top guard helmets were very lightweight and were also aerodynamic and were especially good for high winds during wildfires.
  • The top guard helmet during the 1970s came in several different colors, black, red, green, yellow, white and oddly transparent.



MSA Head Protection


MSA Air-Purifying Respirators (APR)


Full Face Masks


MSA Supplied Air Respirators (SCBA)
MSA Gas detection
MSA Hearing Protection
MSA Test bench
MSA Safety Glasses and Goggles
MSA Fall Protection Equipment
MSA Self Retracting Devices
MSA Rescue & Descent Products
MSA Confined Space Products

Safety Helmet Best Brand in Pakistan

Safety helmets comply with standard DIN EN 397, it is stated that safety helmet should be manufactured/designed to safeguard the wearer from falling things. Strong protection must be there against mechanical impacts to the head of the user against possible consequences such as brain injuries or skull fractures.

3M Hard Hat, White, Lightweight, Adjustable 4-Point Ratchet, H-701R

What is OSHA & ANSI

hard hat that meets ANSI Z89.1 is OSHA compliant. 29 CFR 1910.135(b)(1) and 29 CFR 1926.100(b)(1) state that head protection must meet the 1997, 2003, or 2009 editions of ANSI Z89.1, or be shown to offer equivalent or better protection.

MSA-475358 White V-Gard Polyethylene Cap Style Hard Hat With 4 Point RatchetRatchet Suspension

OSHA requires, in 29 CFR 1910.135, that if the following hazardous conditions are present, then head protection is required: … There is potential for employees to bump their heads against fixed objects, such as exposed pipes or beams. There is a possibility of accidental head contact with electrical hazards.

Section 1926.100 (Head protection) states:

(a) Employees working in areas where there is a possible danger of head injury from impact, or from falling or flying objects, or from electrical shock and burns, shall be protected by protective helmets


ANSI Z89.1-2014

ANSI/ISEA Z89.1-2014 was prepared by the members of ISEA’s Head Protection Group as a revision to ANSI Z89.1-2009, and approved by a consensus review panel of users, government agencies and safety experts setting forth requirements for hard hats of type I or type II – and marking requirements for all protective head gear classified as a hard hat.

Hard Hat Tests

ANSI published a revision in January of 2009. The significant changes from the 2003 version are three non-mandatory tests and are easy to understand. Each of these tests, if elected to be tested by the manufacturer, will result in three new markings on the helmet.

JSP 280-EV6151M-20 Evolution 6151 Deluxe Mining Hard Hat

The three optional test criteria are:

  1. Reverse Donning: Helmets marked with a “reverse donning arrow” can be worn frontward or backward in accordance with the manufacturer’s wearing instructions. They pass all testing requirements, whether worn frontward or backward.
  2. Lower Temperature: Helmets marked with an “LT” indicates that the hard hat meets all testing requirements of the standard when preconditioned at a temperature of -30°C (-22°F).
  3. High Visibility: Helmets marked with an “HV” indicates that the hard hat meets all testing requirements of the standard for high visibility colors. This includes tests for chromaticity and luminescence.


When to Wear a Hard Hat

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) guidelines for head protection are referenced in 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 1910.135 and 1926.100.

29 CFR 1910.135(a)(1) states, “Each affected employee shall wear protective helmets when working in areas where there is a potential for injury to the head from falling objects.” The standard also addresses situations in which electrical hazards are present.

1901.135(a)(2) requires that workers who perform tasks close to exposed electrical conductors should wear hard hats engineered to shield against shocks. The OSHA standards themselves do not identify specific occupations or applications where head protection is required; Appendix B to Subpart I Part 9 lists some examples.

Shelf life of helmet

As a general guide, industrial safety helmets should be replaced three years after manufacture, but always check with the manufacturer.

Why it important

Studies have shown that wearing a Safety helmet can diminish your risk of a serious brain injury and death because during a fall or collision, most of the impact energy is absorbed by the Safety helmet, rather than your head and brain. But just as important as wearing a Safety helmet is wearing the right MSA Safety helmet.

Color of helmet

Safety helmet color White is most common and used for managers, architects, engineers, foremen or supervisors

Safety helmet Color Blue used carpenters and other technical operators including electricians will normally wear blue hard hats,

Safety helmet Color Orange is worn by road crews.

Safety helmet Color Green often signifies a safety inspector but can also be used by new workers on the site or probationary staff.


Safety helmet (MSA/JSP) is a form of protective gear worn to protect the head. Definitely, a Safety helmet (MSA/JSP) complements the skull in protecting the human brain. Ceremonial or symbolic helmets (e.g. UK policeman’s helmet) without protective function are sometimes worn.

Different Safety helmet functions.

  1. The safety helmet should be rated to surpass industry safety standards.
  2. The helmet support mechanism is expanded and adjustable to decrease helmet movement.
  3. A set of removable earmuffs can be used easily to protect ears against unnecessary noise.
  4. A clear screen allows you to work on specific projects and protect flying objects.
  5. A mesh screen is available for those jobs where insects are an issue.

Types of best helmet.

  1. The Forestry Safety Helmet from TR Industrial.
  2. JORSTECH Ventilated Hard Hat
  3. Pyramex Ridgeline Full-Brim Hard Hat
  4. Ergodyne Safety Bump Cap
  5. 3M Secure Fit Safety Helmet
  6. Neiko Heavy-Duty Hard Hat
  7. Uninova Safety Hard Hat
  8. Oregon Chainsaw Safety Helmet
  9. NoCry Heavy Duty Hard Hat
  10. MSA V-Guard

MSA V-Gard hard hat known for comfort, quality and durability.

The MSA V-Gard Helmet, with its distinctive trademark “V” design, is a world recognized brand known for comfort, quality, and durability. MSA has sold well over 100 million V-Gard Helmets since its introduction – so many in fact, that the iconic “V” design has been a mainstay for many years on even the toughest worksites. When you want the best comfort, quality and durability worn by millions across the globe, you need to buy the original MSA V-Gard Helmet, settle for nothing less.

V-Gard Slotted Cap, White, W/Fas-Trac III Suspension (Specification)

Part Number: 475358,
Color: WHITE
Length: 10.197 IN (259.000 MM)
Width: 8.661 IN (220.000 MM)
Height: 7.559 IN (192.000 MM)
Weight: 0.833 LB (0.378 KG)
Approvals: ANSI Z89.1-2014
CSA Z94.1-2015

Impact absorption test
• A 5kg round striker is dropped onto the helmet from 1 meter
• The maximum transmitted force should not exceed 5kN
Penetration test
• A 3 kg pointed cone is dropped onto the helmet from 1 meter
• The striker should not make contact with the head form underneath the helmet
Chinstrap anchorage
• Initial 150 N applied, then increased 20 N/ min until failure
• Chinstrap anchorage should release at a minimum force of 150 and no more than 250 N
Flame test
• A burner pointing the flame at 45° to any point between 50 and 100 m from the crown, during
10 seconds
• No visible flame after 5 second

Hard Hat Expiration Date

All Safety hard hats are made with high quality, durable materials to protect laborers, but they will not last forever. Safety Hard hats are subject to working environment, sunlight exposure, extreme temperatures, and general wear and tear that can degrade the protective properties of the device over time.



  • AGV Safety Helmets.
  • BEON Safety Helmets.
  • ISTROM Safety Helmets.
  • GXT Safety Helmets.
  • ZEUS Safety Helmets.
  • Bell Safety Helmets.
MSA 475369 V-Gard Slotted Full-Brim Hard Hat, with 4-point Fas-Trac III Suspension, Standard, White